|Breast Cancer||Cervical Cancer|
The cervical smear is a very safe test that only takes a few minutes. The doctor or nurse will insert an instrument (called speculum) into your vagina to allow visualization of your cervix which is located deep inside the vagina. A small piece of wooden spatula or plastic brush will then be inserted through the speculum to obtain some cells sample from the surface of the cervix.
Who needs cervical cancer screening?
If in doubt, please consult the doctor
When should I have cervical cancer screening?
What do the cervical smear results mean?
Around 90% of the cervical smear results are “negative” (normal), meaning that no abnormal cell is found on your cervix. But you still need regular screening.
A “positive” or “abnormal” result usually means there are some changes in the cells of your cervix. It does not necessarily mean that you already have cancer. Most of these changes are due to HPV infection. A small number of women may have pre-cancerous cells which call for treatment to prevent them from turning cancerous. Your doctor will advise you on the necessary follow-up and investigations.
Please note that cervical smear is a screening test. If the result shows cell changes, further examination (e.g. colposcopy) will be required to identify the extent and severity of abnormal cells and help guide subsequent management.
The Family Planning Association of Hong Kong: https://www.famplan.org.hk/en
Lady Helen Woo Women’s Diagnositic and Treatment Centre: http://www.obsgyn.hku.hk/clinicalServ/lhww/main.htm